Rotary International


John F. Germ

Rotary District 5160 Governor:

Fred Collignon

Durham Rotary President:
Ravi Saip


Rowel Editor: Phil Price
Rowel Publisher: Jen Liu




January 31, 2017


The  2017 Harvest Festival will be held on September 17, 2017


2017                                         Calendar for Durham Rotary


1 2 3
No Meeting due to New Years
4 5 6 7
8 9 10
Club Assembly-Election of Officers
(Ravi Saip)
11 12 13 14
15 16 17
Crab Feed Planning
(Chris Hatch)
18 19 20 21
Crab Feed
22 23 24
No Meeting due to Crab Feed
25 26 27 28
29 30 31
Club Assembly
Crab Feed Report and Review
(Chris Hatch)


1 2 3 4
5 6 7
Jim Donahoo, President of Durham Exchange Club
(Clint Guss)
8 9 10 11
12 13 14
Valentine’s Party at Midway Steakhouse
(Mary Sakuma)
15 16 17 18
19 20 21
No Meeting
President's Day
22 23 24 25
26 27 28
(K. R. Robertson)

Thanks to Jim Kirks for taking and emailing me notes of the meeting so I could prepare this Rowel in Las Vegas.


President Ravi Saip opened the meeting back at the BCCC.  He asked Chris Hatch to lead the pledge, which he did.  He then asked Larry Bradley to lead us in a song.  He led us in “America the Beautiful”.  Jim Patterson then gave the invocation.



February 7th:  Jim Donahoo on his travels -Clint Goss


February 14th:   Valentine’s Party at Midway Steakhouse - Mary Sakuma


February 21st:  No Meeting due to President’s Day


February 28th:  K.R. Robertson.


March 7th:  Steve Plume


March 14th:  Steve Greenwood presenting Single Malt Scotch Tasting by Paul Bissett (1 hour program).


March 21st:  Larry Bradley


March 28th:  Glenn Pulliam





Larry Bradley introduced Shelton Enochs, former Mayor of Chico and Secretary of the Oroville Rotary Club.




Our next meeting will be on February 7th at the BCCC.  Clint Goss will be present Jim Donahoo, President of the Durham Exchange Club, who will present a program on his travels




Elections of Club Officers


Mike Wacker presented a slate of nominees: Steve Plume for Treasurer, Jim Kirks for Secretary, Glenn Pulliam for Asst. Secretary, and Dave Jessen for President Elect-Elect.  Larry Bradley moved, and Mary Sakuma seconded, that Nominations be closed, that the paper ballots not be required and that the slate be elected by acclamation.  Motion carried.


Board Meeting


A Board Meeting was held before the meeting.  Among the things discussed were the following:


President Elect Larry Bradley will bring Committee Appointments to the next Board of Directors meeting.  Larry reported that there will be a Rotary District Assembly on April 8 and we should avoid scheduling local events for that date.

Larry reported that there is a need to schedule interviews to select Durham High School juniors to attend Camp Royal.

Meeting Schedule–twice a month: There was a discussion but no decision about this issue.  It was noted that members are not coming up with programs for our meetings.  Outstanding programs would help build membership.

Missed Meeting Fines: Pres. Ravi plans to eliminate automatic fines for missed meetings.  Members will be invited to volunteer to be recognized.   Roy Ellis announced that Colleen Coutts, Interact Club Advisor, Interact Club President, and two Students of the Month will be guests at our next Rotary meeting.

Camp Venture $800.00: Mike Wacker reported that candidates for Camp Venture need to be identified.  There are three candidates going from Chico.  Mike Wacker will bring the students back from Camp Venture on June 25.  Steve Plume volunteered to take the students to Camp Venture if Chico hasn’t identified a Rotarian to drive the students to Camp Venture on June 20.

Valentine’s Party Meeting


Mary Sakuma announced that our Valentine Dinner Meeting would be at the Midway Steakhouse.  Chicken dinners are $30 and Steak dinners are $35 tax and tip included.  Included are a salad and dessert.  Beverages are not included.


Corning Rotary’s Wine, Food & Art Festival


It’s time for Corning Rotary’s annual Wine Food & Art Festival, to be held at Rolling Hill’s Event Center on February 25th from noon to 8:00 pm. A big part of the festival is the clam chowder cook-off.

Please consider this our invitation for your club to participate in the cook-off. There is no entry fee and the basic ingredients will be provided. The cook-off rules, the products list and flyer for the event are attached. Each team will be given six entry tickets to the festival and this year the cook-off time will be from noon to 4:00 pm. 

                     Besides having fun and bragging rights for first place, cash prizes will be awarded for first ($500), second ($300) and third ($200), based on people’s choice. Lastly, every club that would like to sell tickets can retain 50% of its sales.

Should you have any questions, need additional information or want tickets please contact or by phone at (530) 624-5086.    


Celebrate with us in Atlanta


Children getting drinking water


It's just a few months until we'll be together at the Rotary Convention in Atlanta - 11-14 June - celebrating The Rotary Foundation's 100th anniversary, networking with old and new friends, and enriching our Rotary experience. If you haven't registered yet, there's still time, and you can save if you register by 31 March. If you've already registered, be sure to invite your Rotary friends.


The Host Organization Committee has planned several exciting events to enhance your stay in Atlanta. For the kickoff event, on the evening of Saturday, 10 June, the dress code is casual, as you'll sit under the stars in Centennial Olympic Park and be entertained by first-class bluegrass music. Grammy Award-winning performer Ricky Skaggs will get everyone up on their feet clapping and dancing to the fiddle and mandolin, and cloggers will perform in their country style. Food and drinks will be available from food trucks and beverage carts stationed at strategic locations. We're anticipating a packed event, so purchase your tickets early!

From Monday through Wednesday, 12-14 June, you can choose from more than 100 breakout sessions on a wide variety of topics. Here's a sneak peek at topics being developed for Atlanta:

Be sure to check the website regularly for more program highlights.





Bring guests, who you think you can interest in becoming a member, to meetings.  We will be having a visit from the District Governor or an Assistant District Governor to assist us with membership.  In the meantime please invite Durham business owners and/or managers to one of our meeting.




Pres. Ravi was recognized for non-procedure for $5.00.

Steve Plume was recognized for non-introduction for $5.00.

Pres. Ravi recognized Clint Goss for 59 years of marriage.   Clint contributed $41.00 ( When anniversaries are more than 50 years, the additional years are deducted.)

Dave Jessen was recognized by Pres. Ravi for 40 years of marriage. Dave contributed $40.00

Mary Sakuma will have a birthday on February 23. She requested that Rotarians sing “Happy Birthday” which they did.  Mary contributed $7.00

Other Matters


Larry Bradley auctioned a late donation to the Crab Feed, a gift certificate from Tres Hombres good for two entrees.  Pres. Ravi had the winning bid of $70.00 for the certificate.

Steve Plume auctioned the Grinder for the month of February.  Bidding started at $35.00 and rose to $65.00.  Steve Greenwood made the winning bid.


The program was a Club Assembly to review the Crab Feed conducted by Chris Hatch.


Chris Hatch, Crab Feed Chairman, recommended that Durham Rotarians invite the Durham High School Interact Club to our meeting to be recognized for their excellent help at the Crab Feed.  Roy Ellis announced that Colleen Coutts, Interact Club Faculty Advisor, and the Interact Club President are coming to our February 7, 2017 meeting.

Roy Ellis reported that the silent auction raised $6,820.00 net.  Most items sold for more than the listed value.

Chris Hatch announced that the Glenn County Farm Bureau Crab Feed tickets were $60.00 in 2017 and were sold out.  By consensus the Club agreed to $60.00 price for 2018 Durham Rotary Crab Feed tickets.

The date for the 2018 Durham Rotary Crab Feed will be January 20.  The members authorized making a deposit of $575.00 to Durham Parks and Recreation to reserve the Veterans Memorial Hall.

It was suggested that the silent auction be closed table by table to avoid a crush of people coming to pay for the items.  Also, Steve Plume has a Square to plug into an I-phone to help process payments for silent auction items.

There was a bottle neck in the lobby due to people stopping to buy drink tickets.  It was recommended to move the drink ticket table to the bar where the bar is located to improve the flow of traffic and provide better lighting for the people selling drink tickets.

Larry Bradley will go to the Veterans Memorial Hall to check the sound system.  The people in the rear of the Hall could not hear any of the announcements.  There may be a need to acquire a sound system that could be used at the Harvest Festival as well as the Crab Feed.

Larry Bradley reported that things went well in the kitchen.  Clint Goss and Dave Jessen cracked all the crab and had it ready before the time for serving it.  J.R. Gallagher worked hard washing dishes.  There is a need to buy more bowls.   It was suggested to fill the trays of crab half full to allow a back up supply of crab to refill trays.

Club members suggested asking the Interact Club members to help take down the chairs and tables at the end of the evening.

Steve Plume noted that there were no early leavers and no one had complaints, just positive remarks as they left the Crab Feed.

Must Be Present To Win

Jim Patterson was present to win $10 in the drawing of that name


From Rotary International:


Gary Haugen, leader of the International Justice Mission, contends that humanitarian work means little if basic safety is threatened


By Sallyann Price

In 1994 Rwanda was reeling from the genocide of as many as 1 million people over 100 days, the apex of decades of civil conflict in the East African nation. 


Gary Haugen, then a young human rights attorney working for the U.S. Department of Justice, landed in Kigali to head a United Nations unit investigating the genocide and gathering evidence needed to prosecute the perpetrators for war crimes.


“There was basically no functioning government, Haugen recalls. “So much chaos is unleashed when there isn’t a civil authority exercising control. A lot of people tried to help, sending food and medicine and providing housing and education, but when it came to the problem of violence, very few people stepped up to that challenge.


Haugen established the International Justice Mission (IJM) in 1997 to address violence in developing countries. The organization has 17 field offices and works with local investigators to rescue victims of violence, support survivors, strengthen law enforcement, and bring violent criminals to justice. In his 2014 book, The Locust Effect: Why the End of Poverty Requires the End of Violence, Haugen argues that the progress made in the global fight against poverty means little when citizens’ basic safety is threatened.


At the 2016 Rotary International Convention in Korea, Haugen talked to Rotarians about one of the most harmful forms of what he calls the “everyday violence affecting the world’s poorest people – forced labor, or slavery. “Slavery is not a relic of history," he said, noting that an estimated 35 million enslaved people are hidden in plain sight, all over the world, generating $150 billion in profits for traffickers who seldom face prosecution. “It’s vaster and more brutal than ever. And it’s more stoppable than ever.


Haugen sat down with contributor Sallyann Price in Seoul to talk about the importance of addressing violence and safety in development work. 


The Rotarian: How are poverty and violence related?


Haugen: When people think about the world’s poorest people, they don’t usually think about violence. They think of hunger, disease, and a lack of education and job opportunities. But just as important is daily vulnerability to violence, and not necessarily the violence that makes headlines: war, genocide, mass atrocities.


The form of violence that is far more destructive is what we call everyday violence – that’s sexual violence, police abuse, land theft, and forced labor. On a daily basis, these types of violence make it very difficult for the common poor person to improve his or her situation. You can give all kinds of goods and services to alleviate poverty, but if you’re not able to restrain the hands of the bullies that have the power to take it all away, you won’t see the kind of progress you want.


The world is now divided between those who can afford to pay for their own protection and the billions who are left in lawless chaos.


Gary Haugen, 
International Justice Mission


Abuse of power is a very simple human dynamic. It’s what a kid will understand in the schoolyard: There’s the kid who’s stronger and bigger than everybody else, and he’s abusing that power to take something from the victim, whether it’s lunch money or possessions or just their dignity. You see the same dynamic in the adult world; it just manifests itself in more adult, violent ways over time and on a bigger scale.


TR: Your address to the Rotary Convention focused specifically on the issue of slavery. Why this message for this audience?


Haugen: We are in a moment in history when forces are coming together to make it possible to end slavery in our lifetime. For the first time, enslavement is completely against the law everywhere. It’s an ancient evil that still exists, but it’s no longer the center of the global economy.


Rotary has demonstrated a unique capacity to focus effort on a global problem that simply shouldn’t exist anymore. Look at the example of polio: We have a vaccine that works perfectly well and we agree that everyone should be safe from this disease, but there’s an access gap. Similarly, everyone should be safe from slavery, and no parent should have to worry about a child being enslaved. We know that a combination of effective law enforcement and excellent survivor support can measurably reduce slavery, and violence overall. Rotarians, in their work to end polio, have shown the kind of focus and determination we need to succeed in that struggle.


TR: How do you respond to scientist Steven Pinker? In his book The Better Angels of Our Nature, he argues that this is actually the least violent time in history.


Haugen: If you look at the broad scope of history, there is, on average, much less violence in our world today. That’s good news because it shows progress is possible. But think of the comparison with polio – fewer people are vulnerable to the disease, but does that mean we don’t finish the job? Like polio, the violence that remains in our world is more concentrated in the lives of the world’s poorest people.


Wealthier countries provide a measure of security and law enforcement on a public basis, but in the developing world, personal safety often means hiring private security. The world is now divided between those who can afford to pay for their own protection and the billions who are left in lawless chaos, experiencing extreme levels of violence.


Gary Haugen and IJM staff meet with clients in Bangalore, India who were rescued from brutal bonded labor slavery in a brick kiln. 

International Justice Mission


TR: What role can more powerful members of society, like Rotarians, play in improving the situation? 


Haugen: In much of the developing world, the public systems of justice are so broken that those with wealth and resources do not depend on them. Every culture debates the role of government and the range of services it should provide, but there should be no doubt that the most basic of those services is seeing to the security of its citizens. Those with the opportunity to lead must invest in public security so all citizens can enjoy that same safety.

It’s fascinating that the most common forms of violence in the developing world are almost always against the law already. The problem is not the absence of law, but the absence of law enforcement that protects everyone. That’s our focus at IJM.


TR: When did you first see this pattern?


Haugen: After I graduated from college, I lived in South Africa. The big issue at the time was the apartheid crisis. That’s where I started to see what it was like to live in a society of violent oppression and abuse. After law school, I went to work for the U.S. Department of Justice, where I worked specifically on the problem of police abuse in the United States. I started to see that no matter where you are in the world, no matter which country you’re in, people with power – whether political or police – tend to abuse it if they are not held accountable. I saw the particular problem of violence against the poor when I was sent to Rwanda in 1994 to direct the UN’s investigation into the genocide there. A lot of people tried to help, sending food and medicine and providing housing and education, but when it came to the problem of violence, very few people stepped up to that challenge. Slavery in this era strikes me as a similar issue: We are aware of it, we can stop it, and it is up to us to take that responsibility. 


TR: How does IJM help a community plagued by violence?


Haugen: In many parts of the developing world, people have given up hope that law enforcement will ever protect the poor from violence. Our work demonstrates that it’s possible to change. The recovery of that hope is a game-changer.


We begin with what we call collaborative casework with the local authorities. We recruit a local team of lawyers, investigators, and social workers and start working on individual cases. As we try to bring the criminals to justice, we start to see the broken points in the criminal justice system.


When we begin working on a case, we pursue a baseline study to measure the prevalence of different types of violence and the performance of the police and the courts. Working from those two baselines, we can measure when the criminal justice system starts working better and violence decreases. Over hundreds of cases over many years, we’ve documented that it is possible to transform a broken law enforcement system into one that protects poor people effectively.


TR: How is that progress measured?


Haugen: One measure of success is the relative ease or difficulty of committing a particular crime. Cambodia is a great example. When we started working there 15 years ago, you could arrive in Phnom Penh and within an hour you could easily purchase a child for sex. That’s much harder to do now. Our project there focused on enhancing the criminal justice system’s capacity to send sex traffickers to jail, and we’ve seen hundreds of convictions since then. Our baseline study found that as many as 30 percent of commercial sex workers there were children. That figure is closer to 1 percent now. Also, because the Cambodian authorities are effectively enforcing the law, IJM is no longer needed. That’s our ultimate objective.


TR: How does IJM determine where to intervene? 


HAUGEN: IJM uses a variety of criteria for assessing the location of a future project, including prevalence of crime and the political will of the government and local law enforcement to address crime. Because our model of justice system transformation centers on building capacity in the public justice systems of the countries and communities we’re working in, it is imperative that there be at least some desire to address the problem from within law enforcement.


TR: How can Rotary members help keep communities safe as they plan humanitarian aid projects in the developing world?


Haugen: Ask people what they need and connect with local groups addressing those needs. Since people are less likely to talk about violence, Rotary members should be very intentional about facilitating conversations to explore specific problems. Once you start the conversation and sharpen your focus on this issue, you start to see it over and over again.


Rotary is already raising the bar of excellence in terms of sustainability and accountability in its projects. But violence fights back in a way that is different from hunger or homelessness. If you take on violence, you may end up putting yourself on the line in some manner. The willingness to take on this challenge is a powerful message. 


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