John F. Germ
Rotary District 5160 Governor:
Durham Rotary President:
March 7th, 2017
The 2017 Harvest Festival will be held on September 17, 2017
2017 Calendar for Durham Rotary
Joan Webster of the California Women for Agriculture
Single Malt Scotch Tasting by Paul Bissett
Steve Lambert, Butte County Board of Supervisors on Oroville Dam situation
Mr Stephen Arrington, former navy diver who was arrested with John DeLorean for smuggling drugs and recently pardoned.
North Valley District Assembly at
Chico Campus of Butte College
President Ravi Saip opened the meeting. He asked J. R. Gallagher to lead the pledge, which he did. He then asked Larry Bradley to lead us in a song. He led us in “America the Beautiful”. Jim Patterson then gave the invocation.
President Ravi showed us a District 5160 video of students at Camp Royal. Our club usually sends 4 Durham High School juniors to Camp Royal each year. Interviews for the students for this year will be March 16, 2017 at 8:30AM at Durham High School. Roy Ellis and Mike Wacker will join with Larry Bradley to interview candidates for the four Durham Rotary-funded Camp Royal slots.
March 14th: Steve Greenwood presenting Whiskey Tasting (1 hour program).
March 21st: Larry Bradley will present Steve Lambert about Oroville Dam.
March 28th: Glenn Pulliam
will presentMr Stephen Arrington, former navy diver who was arrested with John DeLorean for smuggling drugs and recently pardoned.
April 8th: North Valley District Assembly.
April 11th: Dave Jessen
April 25th: Ravi Saip
May 16th: Hot Dog picnic at Durham Park
May 23rd: Daryl Polk
If a Tuesday is not listed above, there is no meeting that week.
VISITING ROTARIANS & GUESTS
Steve Plume introduced Joan Webster, who was here to present the program tonight. J. R. introduced his wife. Larry Bradley introduced Vance Boyce of the Colusa Club, who has moved to Chico and may be a good recruit to our Club. He also introduced Steven Heithecker, who interested in our Club.
The next meeting will be next Tuesday at the BCCC. Steve Greenwood present a program by a Scotsman, who is an expert on Scotch whisky and an entertaining speaker. The program will include a whisky tasting of single malt scotch.
There was a Board meeting before our meeting
tonight. Ravi reported that Butte Creek Country Club has indicated that the meal cost
will be $20.00 effective March 14, 2017. Mike Wacker and Roy Ellis
volunteered to meet with BCCC to try to negotiate a reduction in the meal cost,
so it is not set in stone yet.
Pres. Ravi recommended that Durham Rotary Club meet twice a month to determine if less meetings and better programs would improve attendance and attract former and new members.
The schedule proposed and approved beginning in April is April 11 and 25, May 9, 16, and 23 and June 13 and 27, 2017.
President Ravi announced that
there is a request for a contribution toward the Rotary float in the Pasadena
Rose Parade. The theme of the float is “Doing Good in the World.” The Board approved a contribution of $100.
It was the consensus of the Board that a float be entered in the
Durham Parade with the same theme. This is an Interact activity. We will provide support with a trailer and
logistical help, if Interact proceeds with it. Roy Ellis and Larry Bradley will provide a
trailer, convertible and coordinate with Colleen Coutts, Interact Club Advisor
at Durham High School.
REPORTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
The packaging meals for Rise Against Hunger (A.K.A. Stop Hunger Now) will take place on April 29, 2017. Lunch will follow.
You Asked for It; You’ve Got It!
Spring Assemblies are in the works!
Rotarians, be sure to Save
the Date as your District continues to morph our training opportunities to
better respond to what club presidents and members have requested! The subjects are those you requested
and felt your members most wanted or needed:
· Member Development Today
· Must Know Info for New Members (ABCs of Rotary)
· Successful Service Project Strategies
· Awesome Fundraising Projects
· Planning Ahead for Your Club
The North Valley Assembly will be held April 8, 2017 at the Chico campus of Butte College in Chico.
Dora Burke, Dar Meyer’s friend, will be delivering the quilts she makes every year for Rotoplast at the April 8th Assembly.
Celebrate with us in Atlanta
It's just a few months until we'll be together at the Rotary Convention in Atlanta - 11-14 June - celebrating The Rotary Foundation's 100th anniversary, networking with old and new friends, and enriching our Rotary experience. If you haven't registered yet, there's still time, and you can save if you register by 31 March. If you've already registered, be sure to invite your Rotary friends.
The Host Organization Committee has planned several exciting events to enhance your stay in Atlanta. For the kickoff event, on the evening of Saturday, 10 June, the dress code is casual, as you'll sit under the stars in Centennial Olympic Park and be entertained by first-class bluegrass music. Grammy Award-winning performer Ricky Skaggs will get everyone up on their feet clapping and dancing to the fiddle and mandolin, and cloggers will perform in their country style. Food and drinks will be available from food trucks and beverage carts stationed at strategic locations. We're anticipating a packed event, so purchase your tickets early!
From Monday through Wednesday, 12-14 June, you can choose from more than 100 breakout sessions on a wide variety of topics. Here's a sneak peek at topics being developed for Atlanta:
Be sure to check the website regularly for more program highlights.
Bring guests, who you think you can interest in becoming a member, to meetings. We will be having a visit from the District Governor or an Assistant District Governor to assist us with membership. In the meantime please invite Durham business owners and/or managers to one of our meeting.
Again it was on a volunteer basis. Like Glenn Pulliam J. R. contributed $5 because he also showed up Tuesday before last for a meeting which we did not have.
Jen Liu contributed $40 for his trip to Spain and Portugal (my May trip to Cabo shouldn’t be more than $20 at that rate).
Steve Greenwood auctioned the Grinder for the month of March. Steve Plume got it for $45. Steve Greenwood reported that bought the Grinder for February because he took a trip to the Dominican Republic for rum tasting and cigars.
Must Be Present To Win
Jen Liu was present to win the drawing of that name.
Steve Plume presented Joan Webster of the California Women for Agriculture. She is a former officer of and currently a Board Member of the California Women for Agriculture. She talked about the purpose and history of the California Women for Agriculture. She also talked about a related entity, the California Farm Water Association.
From Rotary International:
Gary Haugen, leader of the International Justice Mission, contends that humanitarian work means little if basic safety is threatened
By Sallyann Price
In 1994 Rwanda was reeling from the genocide of as many as 1 million people over 100 days, the apex of decades of civil conflict in the East African nation.
Gary Haugen, then a young human rights attorney working for the U.S. Department of Justice, landed in Kigali to head a United Nations unit investigating the genocide and gathering evidence needed to prosecute the perpetrators for war crimes.
Gary Haugen, leader of the International Justice Mission
Illustration: Viktor Miller Gausa
“There was basically no functioning government, Haugen recalls. “So much chaos is unleashed when there isn’t a civil authority exercising control. A lot of people tried to help, sending food and medicine and providing housing and education, but when it came to the problem of violence, very few people stepped up to that challenge.
Haugen established the International Justice Mission (IJM) in 1997 to address violence in developing countries. The organization has 17 field offices and works with local investigators to rescue victims of violence, support survivors, strengthen law enforcement, and bring violent criminals to justice. In his 2014 book, The Locust Effect: Why the End of Poverty Requires the End of Violence, Haugen argues that the progress made in the global fight against poverty means little when citizens’ basic safety is threatened.
At the 2016 Rotary International Convention in Korea, Haugen talked to Rotarians about one of the most harmful forms of what he calls the “everyday violence affecting the world’s poorest people – forced labor, or slavery. “Slavery is not a relic of history," he said, noting that an estimated 35 million enslaved people are hidden in plain sight, all over the world, generating $150 billion in profits for traffickers who seldom face prosecution. “It’s vaster and more brutal than ever. And it’s more stoppable than ever.
Haugen sat down with contributor Sallyann Price in Seoul to talk about the importance of addressing violence and safety in development work.
The Rotarian: How are poverty and violence related?
Haugen: When people think about the world’s poorest people, they don’t usually think about violence. They think of hunger, disease, and a lack of education and job opportunities. But just as important is daily vulnerability to violence, and not necessarily the violence that makes headlines: war, genocide, mass atrocities.
The form of violence that is far more destructive is what we call everyday violence – that’s sexual violence, police abuse, land theft, and forced labor. On a daily basis, these types of violence make it very difficult for the common poor person to improve his or her situation. You can give all kinds of goods and services to alleviate poverty, but if you’re not able to restrain the hands of the bullies that have the power to take it all away, you won’t see the kind of progress you want.
The world is now divided between those who can afford to pay for their own protection and the billions who are left in lawless chaos.
International Justice Mission
Abuse of power is a very simple human dynamic. It’s what a kid will understand in the schoolyard: There’s the kid who’s stronger and bigger than everybody else, and he’s abusing that power to take something from the victim, whether it’s lunch money or possessions or just their dignity. You see the same dynamic in the adult world; it just manifests itself in more adult, violent ways over time and on a bigger scale.
TR: Your address to the Rotary Convention focused specifically on the issue of slavery. Why this message for this audience?
Haugen: We are in a moment in history when forces are coming together to make it possible to end slavery in our lifetime. For the first time, enslavement is completely against the law everywhere. It’s an ancient evil that still exists, but it’s no longer the center of the global economy.
Rotary has demonstrated a unique capacity to focus effort on a global problem that simply shouldn’t exist anymore. Look at the example of polio: We have a vaccine that works perfectly well and we agree that everyone should be safe from this disease, but there’s an access gap. Similarly, everyone should be safe from slavery, and no parent should have to worry about a child being enslaved. We know that a combination of effective law enforcement and excellent survivor support can measurably reduce slavery, and violence overall. Rotarians, in their work to end polio, have shown the kind of focus and determination we need to succeed in that struggle.
TR: How do you respond to scientist Steven Pinker? In his book The Better Angels of Our Nature, he argues that this is actually the least violent time in history.
Haugen: If you look at the broad scope of history, there is, on average, much less violence in our world today. That’s good news because it shows progress is possible. But think of the comparison with polio – fewer people are vulnerable to the disease, but does that mean we don’t finish the job? Like polio, the violence that remains in our world is more concentrated in the lives of the world’s poorest people.
Wealthier countries provide a measure of security and law enforcement on a public basis, but in the developing world, personal safety often means hiring private security. The world is now divided between those who can afford to pay for their own protection and the billions who are left in lawless chaos, experiencing extreme levels of violence.
Gary Haugen and IJM staff meet with clients in Bangalore, India who were rescued from brutal bonded labor slavery in a brick kiln.
International Justice Mission
TR: What role can more powerful members of society, like Rotarians, play in improving the situation?
Haugen: In much of the developing world, the public systems of justice are so broken that those with wealth and resources do not depend on them. Every culture debates the role of government and the range of services it should provide, but there should be no doubt that the most basic of those services is seeing to the security of its citizens. Those with the opportunity to lead must invest in public security so all citizens can enjoy that same safety.
It’s fascinating that the most common forms of violence in the developing world are almost always against the law already. The problem is not the absence of law, but the absence of law enforcement that protects everyone. That’s our focus at IJM.
TR: When did you first see this pattern?
Haugen: After I graduated from college, I lived in South Africa. The big issue at the time was the apartheid crisis. That’s where I started to see what it was like to live in a society of violent oppression and abuse. After law school, I went to work for the U.S. Department of Justice, where I worked specifically on the problem of police abuse in the United States. I started to see that no matter where you are in the world, no matter which country you’re in, people with power – whether political or police – tend to abuse it if they are not held accountable. I saw the particular problem of violence against the poor when I was sent to Rwanda in 1994 to direct the UN’s investigation into the genocide there. A lot of people tried to help, sending food and medicine and providing housing and education, but when it came to the problem of violence, very few people stepped up to that challenge. Slavery in this era strikes me as a similar issue: We are aware of it, we can stop it, and it is up to us to take that responsibility.
TR: How does IJM help a community plagued by violence?
Haugen: In many parts of the developing world, people have given up hope that law enforcement will ever protect the poor from violence. Our work demonstrates that it’s possible to change. The recovery of that hope is a game-changer.
We begin with what we call collaborative casework with the local authorities. We recruit a local team of lawyers, investigators, and social workers and start working on individual cases. As we try to bring the criminals to justice, we start to see the broken points in the criminal justice system.
When we begin working on a case, we pursue a baseline study to measure the prevalence of different types of violence and the performance of the police and the courts. Working from those two baselines, we can measure when the criminal justice system starts working better and violence decreases. Over hundreds of cases over many years, we’ve documented that it is possible to transform a broken law enforcement system into one that protects poor people effectively.
TR: How is that progress measured?
Haugen: One measure of success is the relative ease or difficulty of committing a particular crime. Cambodia is a great example. When we started working there 15 years ago, you could arrive in Phnom Penh and within an hour you could easily purchase a child for sex. That’s much harder to do now. Our project there focused on enhancing the criminal justice system’s capacity to send sex traffickers to jail, and we’ve seen hundreds of convictions since then. Our baseline study found that as many as 30 percent of commercial sex workers there were children. That figure is closer to 1 percent now. Also, because the Cambodian authorities are effectively enforcing the law, IJM is no longer needed. That’s our ultimate objective.
TR: How does IJM determine where to intervene?
HAUGEN: IJM uses a variety of criteria for assessing the location of a future project, including prevalence of crime and the political will of the government and local law enforcement to address crime. Because our model of justice system transformation centers on building capacity in the public justice systems of the countries and communities we’re working in, it is imperative that there be at least some desire to address the problem from within law enforcement.
TR: How can Rotary members help keep communities safe as they plan humanitarian aid projects in the developing world?
Haugen: Ask people what they need and connect with local groups addressing those needs. Since people are less likely to talk about violence, Rotary members should be very intentional about facilitating conversations to explore specific problems. Once you start the conversation and sharpen your focus on this issue, you start to see it over and over again.
Rotary is already raising the bar of excellence in terms of sustainability and accountability in its projects. But violence fights back in a way that is different from hunger or homelessness. If you take on violence, you may end up putting yourself on the line in some manner. The willingness to take on this challenge is a powerful message.
The Rotary International web site is: www.rotary.org
District 5160 is: www.rotary5160.org
The Durham Rotary Club site is: www.durhamrotary.org
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