It is NOT
too early to be planning to attend the Rotary International Convention in
Honolulu Hawaii June 6-10, 2020! And, this is not something that can wait.
While in Hamburg, Rotarians will get to register for next year's Convention in
Honolulu, and now you can too.
for the Honolulu 2020 Rotary Convention will open on June 1, 2019.
everywhere can take advantage of this lowest rate at www.riconvention.org. To assist
Rotarians in registering, attached is a description of how to complete
registration for Honolulu 2020. Please note that you must have a My Rotary
account to register, and that is easy to do with the instructions attached to
this message. I've also attached a chart that shows pricing. This is the
lowest, folks! I think I've attached enough info to help you to take advantage
District Governor 2019-2020
Rotary International District 5160
Bring guests, who you think you can interest in
becoming a member, to meetings. Your
dinner and your guest’s dinner will be paid for by the Club. In the meantime
please invite Durham business owners and/or managers to one of our meetings.
did a recap of the Crab Feed. The Crab Feed tickets were sold out by
December 13th. She passed out
a list of the 79 silent auction items and the bids received. Ticket income was $11,524. We had two sponsors, Modern Building Company
and Pioneer Collision, for a $1,000.
reserved tables we tried this year, worked.
There was a discussion of purchasing tables of 8 and tables of 4, with
the cost of reserved seats a little higher than the single ticket price.
net income from the Crab Feed was $23,410.91.
Interact Club members were a big help, both before and during the evening. They collected donations (tips) of $1,982.00
for the Interact Club.
was noted that we ran out of crab and need to order more next year.
the kitchen a guy from the Park District was a big help volunteering his
time. We will get him a gift card.
Sheriff’ Posse also volunteered their time.
We will donate $150 to the Sheriff’s Posse.
Must Be Present to Win Drawing:
New member, Brenda Sohnrey’s, name was
drawn, but she was not here to win. So the amount will be $30 next week.
Twenty Years Ago
Mike Wacker was asked by President Dave why, in a letter to the editor,
he hadn’t mentioned Durham Rotary. He
said he didn’t want to bring Durham Rotary into his political thoughts. Probably a good idea, but it cost him $20.00
Bruce Norlie told the group that Andy Farrar
had volunteered to build another booth for the Harvest Festival. He suggested that Andy ought to be fine free
for the year. The Bell was rung.
President Dave asked Clint about a missed meeting. Clint admitted to being away at school to
learn about all those new computerized things.
He did admit to some snowmobiling.
He also has an anniversary coming up which will lead to a weekend at
Tahoe. This all cost him $45.00, I
President Dave then wanted to know about the celebrity member of the
club who appeared in the C & J commercials.
Georgie was so busy taking notes for your editor that she missed that he
was talking about her. She tried to talk
herself out of it because of the hard job she was doing. It still cost her $10.00. I do appreciate her helping me by taking the
notes for the meeting.
From Rotary International
10 years into the
Rotary-USAID water and sanitation partnership, here’s what worked, what didn’t
— and why
Diana Schoberg Andrew Esiebo
old piece of railroad track is laid across a pit toilet. The walls are crumbling. The
stench is overwhelming. It’s the only toilet for a school in rural Ghana, and
most children refuse to use it. They do their business outside instead — or
quit school altogether.
This is an all-too-common
experience: Half of Ghana’s population lives in rural areas, and only 10
percent of those people have access to basic sanitation. Two-thirds can obtain
safe drinking water — after a 30-minute round trip.
Since 2009, Rotary has
been working to fix those deficiencies through a partnership with the U.S.
Agency for International Development (USAID). The partnership combines the
business skills and local community leadership of Rotarian volunteers with the
technical expertise of USAID. Rotary is contributing $9 million to the $18
million partnership; outside of eradicating polio, it is Rotary’s largest
partnership effort. “We wondered how these two organizations could come
together and exploit the synergy between them,” says Rotarian Ron Denham, a
member of the Rotary-USAID steering committee.
Ghana was one of three
pilot countries when the program kicked off. Projects were implemented in two
phases: Phase 1 concluded in 2013, and Phase 2 will end in 2020. “As a result
of this partnership, we’ve been able to reach out to some very deprived
communities,” says Emmanuel Odotei, WASH management
specialist for USAID/Ghana. “If USAID had tried to do this alone, or if Rotary
had done it alone, we would never have achieved as much as we have today.”
Throughout, the focus of
the program has been on accomplishing three goals: improving sanitation and
hygiene in schools and health facilities; increasing community access to safe
drinking water; and advocating for ample government financing of WASH — that
is, water, sanitation, and hygiene.
“We wondered how these
two organizations could come together and exploit the synergy between them.”
By the numbers
Rotary-USAID in Ghana
(projected through 2020)
latrine blocks (primarily in schools)
community hand pumps
6 mechanized boreholes
3 reticulated water
Benefiting more than 160,000 people
The installations and the
number of people who benefited from the program were significant. But that’s
only part of the story. The partnership also trained school health educators
and community-based hygiene promoters to lead behavioral change campaigns that
would deter open defecation (see page 38). It helped establish local committees
to manage the water and sanitation systems after Rotary and USAID departed. And
it empowered community leaders by showing them how to
go to their district assemblies and demand that funds be allocated — and used —
for water and sanitation services. “Rotarians are very well-connected,” says
Alberto Wilde, the director in Ghana for Global Communities, a development
agency contracted by USAID to implement the program in Ghana. “It’s easier for
us to make changes in policy if we have the right people who can open doors
The scale of the program
demanded the close involvement of more than 100 Rotarians. Roughly 30 of
Ghana’s 50 Rotary clubs participated, and each of those clubs assigned members
to remain engaged throughout its involvement. Each club supervises the
implementation of multiple projects, some of which might be a six-hour drive
away along dirt roads that are impassable in the rainy season. “Rotarians are
making big sacrifices for the projects,” says Ako Odotei, a member of the Rotary Club of Tema
and the Phase 2 chair of the host committee of local Rotarians directing the
partnership alongside USAID. “These projects are their babies.”
Last summer, representatives of the
partnership toured some of the communities where it had implemented projects.
As is the case globally in the water and sanitation sector, some of the
projects were successful and some were failures. Most were somewhere in
between. Some of the lessons learned are described on the following pages —
lessons that can help ensure success in future programs.
Lessons 1 & 2
Don’t forget the broader community and financial planning is
Improvements affect more than just the target school or village.
Also, an income stream, through fees or levies, is essential to provide money
for repairs. It is important to teach the local committee to establish an
accounting system and put money in the bank.
Learn more ›
Lessons 3 & 4
Get government support early and invest in changing hygiene
Cooperation from local government officials is essential for
sustainability. Also, the partnership is about more than facilities. Teaching
hand washing skills can have as great an effect as higher-priced interventions.
Learn more ›
Lessons 5 & 6
Make sure government stays involved and choose the technology
that suits the local context.
Once government is involved, it is important to keep it involved
so local committees are not left to manage complex facilities on their own.
Also, the right technology is important. But if the community cannot advocate
for its ongoing needs, unsanitary conditions can render the improvements
Learn more ›
Lessons 7 & 8
Be prepared to work incrementally and keep communities
Some solutions have to be implemented in stages. In one Ghana
community, a manual borehole led to a water storage tank and later solar
panels. Also, local committees need ongoing consultation so they can learn to
hold themselves accountable and make action plans to address any shortcomings.
Learn more ›
How Rotary and USAID work
Improve water and
sanitation in schools
and health centers
Mentor water and
Lead school health
ROTARY + USAID ROLE
Finance and monitor construction and
monitor hygiene education
Mentor water and
total sanitation trainings
ROTARY + USAID ROLE
Finance and monitor construction and
monitor CLTS campaigns
Improve transparency and
advocate with government
for increased funding
Borehole: A narrow well drilled in the
ground to obtain water. It can be manual, in which the water is lifted out
using a hand pump, or mechanized, in which the water is lifted out using a
Community-led total sanitation (CLTS): A behavior change approach to
lead communities to want to use toilets; the goal is for a community to be
certified “open defecation free.”
Global Communities: A nonprofit devoted to
sustainable change that USAID contracted to perform its work in Ghana.
toilet that uses the previous user’s hand-washing water to flush away waste.
Peri-urban: In Africa, a community adjacent
to a city or urban area.
Pit latrine: A hole in the ground covered by a
slab or seat for the user, with a structure built around it for privacy.
Ventilated improved pit latrines add a vertical vent pipe with a fly-screen at
the top, which reduces odor and insects.
Reticulated water system: A piped water system.
USAID: U.S. Agency for International
Development, the government agency responsible for foreign assistance.
WASH: Water, sanitation, and hygiene.
change in habits
An estimated 1 in 5 Ghanaians defecates outside rather than into a toilet; the resulting
contamination of water, soil, and food is a major cause of diarrhea, one of the
leading killers of children under five worldwide. Among the nation’s poorest,
the figures are even more staggering: 53 percent of families in the lowest
economic quintile practice open defecation.
Ghana has made great
strides in providing clean water, reaching an estimated 80 percent of the
population. But only 18 percent have access to a latrine or toilet for their
household’s personal use. Why has improving sanitation proved so difficult?
Several factors are at
play, says Emmanuel Odotei, WASH management
specialist for USAID/Ghana. Migration from rural areas to urban centers has
surged, and sanitation improvements haven’t kept pace. And for new housing to
be approved, it must have a latrine, but monitoring has been lax and that
requirement is not always fulfilled, Odotei says.
Meanwhile, in rural areas, most improvements implemented in the past addressed
clean water but overlooked sanitation.
The situation has a
cultural component as well, Odotei explains.
Traditionally, multiple families live in one compound and share a latrine. But
maintenance of shared latrines is often poor, and therefore these facilities
are classified as “limited service” under development guidelines.
partnership seeks to address this issue by building latrines and changing
behavior using a method called community-led total sanitation. Facilitators
help community members see for themselves the consequences of open defecation,
triggering a collective sense of disgust and embarrassment once they realize
that they are consuming one another’s feces through things like utensils washed
in contaminated water and flies on food. “When people get triggered, they come
out willingly to construct their own latrines,” Odotei
says. “We support them with a market-based approach. Then you can get to the
point where a whole community is declared ‘open defecation free.’”
About 740 communities in Ghana are open defecation free,
“with many more in the pipeline,” Odotei says. “Our
collaboration with Rotary is a contributing factor.”
importance of a program manager
One takeaway from the Rotary-USAID work
in Ghana was
the importance of hiring a dedicated program manager to coordinate the work of
the partners — a lesson that could transfer to other large-scale Rotary
programs. Rotarians are sometimes reluctant to hire a professional because they
want all funding to go toward their projects and their beneficiaries, says Ron
Denham, a member of the Rotary Club of Toronto-Eglinton, Ontario, who was
involved in the creation of the Rotary-USAID partnership. But a project could
be more effective if there’s a professional dedicated to managing it.
“Throughout the world, Rotarians are all volunteers,” Denham says. “Every now
and then, volunteers or committees find themselves managing a project they
don’t have the capacity to handle.”
For the Ghana partnership, Rotarians hired Theophilus
Mensah, a civil engineer who had worked for the Community Water and Sanitation
Agency, a branch of the Ghanaian government. To aid in coordination between
Rotary and USAID, Mensah works out of the office of Global Communities, which
helps implement USAID projects. He coordinates and organizes site visits by
Rotarians, prepares financial reports, works with community partners, and
monitors projects in the field. The linchpin of the program, he ensured the
cohesion and integration of assets and efforts at every stage.
found that WhatsApp groups were a useful way to keep the many participating Rotarians across
Ghana updated and motivated. “Because of WhatsApp, people were able to share
their challenges with the rest of the group,” he says. “It was fun: People gave
encouragement and said this was part of being a Rotarian.”
tool to predict sustainability
Globally, 30 to 40 percent of hand pumps in developing countries
are nonfunctional. That’s the baseline. How could Rotary, partnering with one
of the world’s largest aid organizations, do better? That’s one thing Rotary
and USAID set out to learn during their decade-old partnership. The partnership
developed the WASH Sustainability Index Tool, which can be used to assess the
likely sustainability of WASH interventions using a range of indicators. These
factors are grouped in five categories:
Are national WASH
policies and guidelines in place, and if so, are they followed?
Are WASH services
monitored, and do those providing the services understand and perform their
Is there enough money to sustain WASH services and their supporting roles?
Are facilities functional, and can they be repaired when necessary?
Are natural resources managed within the context of national environmental
In 2012, the
partnership applied the Sustainability Index Tool to Phase 1 projects and used
the results to predict threats to their sustainability.
with the tool in hand, the partnership revisited some of those early projects
to assess their functionality and any impediments to sustainability.
Try the tool
• This story originally appeared
in the December 2019 issue of The Rotarian magazine.