Durham Rotary Club.  P.O. Box 383 Durham Ca. 95938

Rotary International


Mark Daniel Maloney

Rotary District 5160 Governor:

Tina Akins

Durham Rotary President:
Steve Heithecker


Rowel Editor: Phil Price
Rowel Publisher: Jen Liu




January 28, 2020


The  2020 Harvest Festival will be held on Sunday, September 13, 2020


2020                            Calendar for Durham Rotary


1 2 3 4
5 6 7

Crab Feed Presentation
(Kristen Cargile)

8 9 10 11
12 13 14
No Meeting
15 16 17 18
Crab Feed
19 20 21
No Meeting
22 23 24 25
26 27 28
Crab Feed Debrief
(Kristen Cargile)
29 30 31



2 3 4
Emily Bateman
(Kelly Lotti)
5 6 7 8
9 10 11
(Mike Wacker)
12 13 14 15
16 17 18
No Meeting
19 20 21 22
23 24 25
(Mike Crump)
26 27 28 29

Thanks to Jessica Thorpe for taking notes for this Rowel.


President Steven Heithecker called the meeting to order.  He asked Steve Plume to lead us in the pledge, which he did.  He then asked Larry Bradley to lead us in a song.  He led us in singing “America”.  Jim Patterson then gave the invocation.




February 4th:  Kelly Lotti will present Emily Bateman.


February 11th:  Mike Wacker


February 18th:  No Meeting


February 25th:  Mike Crump


March 3rd:  No Meeting


March 10th:  Roy Ellis


March 17th: No Meeting


March 24th:  Eric Hoiland


March 31st:  No Meeting


April 7th:  Brenda Sohnrey.


April 14th:  6:00 pm at Chico Elks Lodge for the 100 Year Kickoff Event: Jennifer Jones, Rotary International Vice President, 2016 – 2017


April 21st:  No Meeting.


April 28th:  Daryl Polk


If a Tuesday is not listed above, there is no meeting that week.


President Steve then asked the members to sign something that is supposed to be a surprise for a member, so I will say nothing more about it at this time.


There were no Students of the Month tonight, but the students for the months of November and December will be coming on February 11th.


Steve Heithecker and Dave Jessen attended the District 5160 Foundation Day Grants Management Training session, in Woodland, for information about District Grant Projects.


We received a check for $1,012 representing our 80% of the proceeds of the Redding East Rotary’s Sundial Riffle Raffle, (formerly the Redding Ducky Derby).  The money will go to the Durham High School Safe & Sober program.


Upon motion made and passed, we will also donate $1,000 to the Durham High Every 15 Minutes program.


The question was raised by Dave Jessen as to whether we want to do the Rise Against Hunger” project again this year.  President Steve moved that we do it again.  The motion was passed.  Jen Liu will spearhead it again this year.  The Club will purchase the supplies and they will be packaged in late April, as in prior years.


President Steve presented a gift card for the Tea Bar to Kristen Cargile for her hard work on the Crab Feed.



K. R. Robertson introduced his wife, Sharon.


Honorary Member


Speaking of K. R., President Steve made K. R. Robertson an Honorary Member of Durham Rotary.  His membership check was returned to him.  A letter from Jim Patterson was read thanking him for his long service to Durham Rotary.  He received a standing ovation.





There will be a Board Meeting at 5:00 pm on February 4th before the next meeting.




The next meeting will be next Tuesday, February 4th at the BCCC.  Kelly Lotti will present Emily Bateman – Homeless Teen Center, Chico




Steve Heithecker was recognized in the amount of $4.00 for starting the meeting 4 minutes late and $5.00 for having the flag on the wrong side of the podium.


Bruce Norlie contributed $10.00 for his birthday.


Jessica Thorpe contributed $21 for starting a new business venture.


Ravi Saip contributed $35 for missing the Crab Feed.  He was at a family reunion.  That made him a Bell Ringer, so he rang the Bell


Jim Kirks was proud of his granddaughter who got strait “A”s in her first year at Cornell.  He contributed $50, making him a double Bell Ringer.







Brian Gray of the Paradise Rotary Club:



Brian Gray, President of Paradise Rotary announced that the Paradise Crab Feed will be held on February 1, 2020 at the Chico Elks Lodge. They are expecting 500 guests. They are looking for some big ticket auction items. The Durham Rotary will be helping by slicing tri tip at 5:30 pm. They need 6 Durham Rotarians to help. Dave Jesson, Ravi Saip, Steve Heithecker, Jen Liu, Kelly Lotti and Steve Abshire volunteered. Robert Olea will be loaning his electric meat slicer.


Last year, with a combined effort, we raised over $40,000 with a lot of Rotary Clubs pitching in and attending. 


But, more importantly, we showed Rotary unity, and that Paradise would be renewed. 




https://dacdb.com/Rotary/Accounts/5160/Club/87806/Screen Shot 2019-05-25 at 10_06_21 AM(4).png

It is NOT too early to be planning to attend the Rotary International Convention in Honolulu Hawaii June 6-10, 2020! And, this is not something that can wait. While in Hamburg, Rotarians will get to register for next year's Convention in Honolulu, and now you can too.

Registration for the Honolulu 2020 Rotary Convention will open on June 1, 2019.

Rotarians everywhere can take advantage of this lowest rate at www.riconvention.org. To assist Rotarians in registering, attached is a description of how to complete registration for Honolulu 2020. Please note that you must have a My Rotary account to register, and that is easy to do with the instructions attached to this message. I've also attached a chart that shows pricing. This is the lowest, folks! I think I've attached enough info to help you to take advantage of this.


Tina Akins
District Governor 2019-2020
Rotary International District 5160






Bring guests, who you think you can interest in becoming a member, to meetings.  Your dinner and your guest’s dinner will be paid for by the Club.  In the meantime please invite Durham business owners and/or managers to one of our meetings. 




Kristen Cargile did a recap of the Crab Feed.  The Crab Feed tickets were sold out by December 13th.  She passed out a list of the 79 silent auction items and the bids received.  Ticket income was $11,524.  We had two sponsors, Modern Building Company and Pioneer Collision, for a $1,000.


The reserved tables we tried this year, worked.  There was a discussion of purchasing tables of 8 and tables of 4, with the cost of reserved seats a little higher than the single ticket price.


The net income from the Crab Feed was $23,410.91.


The Interact Club members were a big help, both before and during the evening.  They collected donations (tips) of $1,982.00 for the Interact Club.


It was noted that we ran out of crab and need to order more next year.


In the kitchen a guy from the Park District was a big help volunteering his time.  We will get him a gift card.


The Sheriff’ Posse also volunteered their time.  We will donate $150 to the Sheriff’s Posse.



Must Be Present to Win Drawing:


New member, Brenda Sohnrey’s, name was drawn, but she was not here to win.  So the amount will be $30 next week.



Twenty Years Ago



Mike Wacker was asked by President Dave why, in a letter to the editor, he hadn’t mentioned Durham Rotary.  He said he didn’t want to bring Durham Rotary into his political thoughts.  Probably a good idea, but it cost him $20.00 anyway.


Bruce Norlie told the group that Andy Farrar had volunteered to build another booth for the Harvest Festival.  He suggested that Andy ought to be fine free for the year.  The Bell was rung.


President Dave asked Clint about a missed meeting.  Clint admitted to being away at school to learn about all those new computerized things.  He did admit to some snowmobiling.  He also has an anniversary coming up which will lead to a weekend at Tahoe.  This all cost him $45.00, I think.


President Dave then wanted to know about the celebrity member of the club who appeared in the C & J commercials.  Georgie was so busy taking notes for your editor that she missed that he was talking about her.  She tried to talk herself out of it because of the hard job she was doing.  It still cost her $10.00.  I do appreciate her helping me by taking the notes for the meeting.


From Rotary International


10 years into the Rotary-USAID water and sanitation partnership, here’s what worked, what didn’t — and why

By Diana Schoberg Photography by Andrew Esiebo

An old piece of railroad track is laid across a pit toilet. The walls are crumbling. The stench is overwhelming. It’s the only toilet for a school in rural Ghana, and most children refuse to use it. They do their business outside instead — or quit school altogether.

This is an all-too-common experience: Half of Ghana’s population lives in rural areas, and only 10 percent of those people have access to basic sanitation. Two-thirds can obtain safe drinking water — after a 30-minute round trip.

Since 2009, Rotary has been working to fix those deficiencies through a partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The partnership combines the business skills and local community leadership of Rotarian volunteers with the technical expertise of USAID. Rotary is contributing $9 million to the $18 million partnership; outside of eradicating polio, it is Rotary’s largest partnership effort. “We wondered how these two organizations could come together and exploit the synergy between them,” says Rotarian Ron Denham, a member of the Rotary-USAID steering committee.

Ghana was one of three pilot countries when the program kicked off. Projects were implemented in two phases: Phase 1 concluded in 2013, and Phase 2 will end in 2020. “As a result of this partnership, we’ve been able to reach out to some very deprived communities,” says Emmanuel Odotei, WASH management specialist for USAID/Ghana. “If USAID had tried to do this alone, or if Rotary had done it alone, we would never have achieved as much as we have today.”

Throughout, the focus of the program has been on accomplishing three goals: improving sanitation and hygiene in schools and health facilities; increasing community access to safe drinking water; and advocating for ample government financing of WASH — that is, water, sanitation, and hygiene.

“We wondered how these two organizations could come together and exploit the synergy between them.”

By the numbers

Rotary-USAID in Ghana

(projected through 2020)

174 latrine blocks (primarily in schools)

166 community hand pumps

6 mechanized boreholes

3 reticulated water systems

Benefiting more than 160,000 people


The installations and the number of people who benefited from the program were significant. But that’s only part of the story. The partnership also trained school health educators and community-based hygiene promoters to lead behavioral change campaigns that would deter open defecation (see page 38). It helped establish local committees to manage the water and sanitation systems after Rotary and USAID departed. And it empowered community leaders by showing them how to go to their district assemblies and demand that funds be allocated — and used — for water and sanitation services. “Rotarians are very well-connected,” says Alberto Wilde, the director in Ghana for Global Communities, a development agency contracted by USAID to implement the program in Ghana. “It’s easier for us to make changes in policy if we have the right people who can open doors with decision-makers.”

The scale of the program demanded the close involvement of more than 100 Rotarians. Roughly 30 of Ghana’s 50 Rotary clubs participated, and each of those clubs assigned members to remain engaged throughout its involvement. Each club supervises the implementation of multiple projects, some of which might be a six-hour drive away along dirt roads that are impassable in the rainy season. “Rotarians are making big sacrifices for the projects,” says Ako Odotei, a member of the Rotary Club of Tema and the Phase 2 chair of the host committee of local Rotarians directing the partnership alongside USAID. “These projects are their babies.”

Last summer, representatives of the partnership toured some of the communities where it had implemented projects. As is the case globally in the water and sanitation sector, some of the projects were successful and some were failures. Most were somewhere in between. Some of the lessons learned are described on the following pages — lessons that can help ensure success in future programs.

Lessons learned

Lessons 1 & 2

Don’t forget the broader community and financial planning is crucial.

Improvements affect more than just the target school or village. Also, an income stream, through fees or levies, is essential to provide money for repairs. It is important to teach the local committee to establish an accounting system and put money in the bank.

Learn more


Lessons 3 & 4

Get government support early and invest in changing hygiene habits.

Cooperation from local government officials is essential for sustainability. Also, the partnership is about more than facilities. Teaching hand washing skills can have as great an effect as higher-priced interventions.

Learn more


Lessons 5 & 6

Make sure government stays involved and choose the technology that suits the local context.

Once government is involved, it is important to keep it involved so local committees are not left to manage complex facilities on their own. Also, the right technology is important. But if the community cannot advocate for its ongoing needs, unsanitary conditions can render the improvements useless.

Learn more


Lessons 7 & 8

Be prepared to work incrementally and keep communities accountable.

Some solutions have to be implemented in stages. In one Ghana community, a manual borehole led to a water storage tank and later solar panels. Also, local committees need ongoing consultation so they can learn to hold themselves accountable and make action plans to address any shortcomings.

Learn more

How Rotary and USAID work together







Improve water and

sanitation in schools

and health centers

Mentor water and

sanitation committees

Lead school health

education trainings


Finance and monitor construction and monitor hygiene education



community water

supply services

Mentor water and

sanitation committees

Lead community-led

total sanitation trainings


Finance and monitor construction and monitor CLTS campaigns


Improve transparency and

accountability, and

advocate with government

for increased funding

Improve water

and sanitation

sector governance





Borehole: A narrow well drilled in the ground to obtain water. It can be manual, in which the water is lifted out using a hand pump, or mechanized, in which the water is lifted out using a powered pump.

Community-led total sanitation (CLTS): A behavior change approach to lead communities to want to use toilets; the goal is for a community to be certified “open defecation free.”

Global Communities: A nonprofit devoted to sustainable change that USAID contracted to perform its work in Ghana.

Microflush toilet: A toilet that uses the previous user’s hand-washing water to flush away waste.

Peri-urban: In Africa, a community adjacent to a city or urban area.

Pit latrine: A hole in the ground covered by a slab or seat for the user, with a structure built around it for privacy. Ventilated improved pit latrines add a vertical vent pipe with a fly-screen at the top, which reduces odor and insects.

Reticulated water system: A piped water system.

USAID: U.S. Agency for International Development, the government agency responsible for foreign assistance.

WASH: Water, sanitation, and hygiene.

Encouraging a change in habits

An estimated 1 in 5 Ghanaians defecates outside rather than into a toilet; the resulting contamination of water, soil, and food is a major cause of diarrhea, one of the leading killers of children under five worldwide. Among the nation’s poorest, the figures are even more staggering: 53 percent of families in the lowest economic quintile practice open defecation.

Ghana has made great strides in providing clean water, reaching an estimated 80 percent of the population. But only 18 percent have access to a latrine or toilet for their household’s personal use. Why has improving sanitation proved so difficult?

Several factors are at play, says Emmanuel Odotei, WASH management specialist for USAID/Ghana. Migration from rural areas to urban centers has surged, and sanitation improvements haven’t kept pace. And for new housing to be approved, it must have a latrine, but monitoring has been lax and that requirement is not always fulfilled, Odotei says. Meanwhile, in rural areas, most improvements implemented in the past addressed clean water but overlooked sanitation.

The situation has a cultural component as well, Odotei explains. Traditionally, multiple families live in one compound and share a latrine. But maintenance of shared latrines is often poor, and therefore these facilities are classified as “limited service” under development guidelines.

The Rotary-USAID partnership seeks to address this issue by building latrines and changing behavior using a method called community-led total sanitation. Facilitators help community members see for themselves the consequences of open defecation, triggering a collective sense of disgust and embarrassment once they realize that they are consuming one another’s feces through things like utensils washed in contaminated water and flies on food. “When people get triggered, they come out willingly to construct their own latrines,” Odotei says. “We support them with a market-based approach. Then you can get to the point where a whole community is declared ‘open defecation free.’”

About 740 communities in Ghana are open defecation free, “with many more in the pipeline,” Odotei says. “Our collaboration with Rotary is a contributing factor.”

The importance of a program manager

One takeaway from the Rotary-USAID work in Ghana was the importance of hiring a dedicated program manager to coordinate the work of the partners — a lesson that could transfer to other large-scale Rotary programs. Rotarians are sometimes reluctant to hire a professional because they want all funding to go toward their projects and their beneficiaries, says Ron Denham, a member of the Rotary Club of Toronto-Eglinton, Ontario, who was involved in the creation of the Rotary-USAID partnership. But a project could be more effective if there’s a professional dedicated to managing it. “Throughout the world, Rotarians are all volunteers,” Denham says. “Every now and then, volunteers or committees find themselves managing a project they don’t have the capacity to handle.”

For the Ghana partnership, Rotarians hired Theophilus Mensah, a civil engineer who had worked for the Community Water and Sanitation Agency, a branch of the Ghanaian government. To aid in coordination between Rotary and USAID, Mensah works out of the office of Global Communities, which helps implement USAID projects. He coordinates and organizes site visits by Rotarians, prepares financial reports, works with community partners, and monitors projects in the field. The linchpin of the program, he ensured the cohesion and integration of assets and efforts at every stage.

Mensah found that WhatsApp groups were a useful way to keep the many participating Rotarians across Ghana updated and motivated. “Because of WhatsApp, people were able to share their challenges with the rest of the group,” he says. “It was fun: People gave encouragement and said this was part of being a Rotarian.”

A tool to predict sustainability

Globally, 30 to 40 percent of hand pumps in developing countries are nonfunctional. That’s the baseline. How could Rotary, partnering with one of the world’s largest aid organizations, do better? That’s one thing Rotary and USAID set out to learn during their decade-old partnership. The partnership developed the WASH Sustainability Index Tool, which can be used to assess the likely sustainability of WASH interventions using a range of indicators. These factors are grouped in five categories:

1.     Institutional:
Are national WASH policies and guidelines in place, and if so, are they followed?

2.     Management:
Are WASH services monitored, and do those providing the services understand and perform their roles?

3.     Financial:
Is there enough money to sustain WASH services and their supporting roles?

4.     Technical:
Are facilities functional, and can they be repaired when necessary?

5.     Environmental:
Are natural resources managed within the context of national environmental protection standards?

Sustainability Index Tool

In 2012, the partnership applied the Sustainability Index Tool to Phase 1 projects and used the results to predict threats to their sustainability.

In 2019, with the tool in hand, the partnership revisited some of those early projects to assess their functionality and any impediments to sustainability.

Try the tool

• This story originally appeared in the December 2019 issue of The Rotarian magazine.

Please help us improve. Was this page helpful?



The Rotary International web site is: www.rotary.org


District 5160 is: www.rotary5160.org


The Durham Rotary Club site is:  www.durhamrotary.org


The Rowel Editor may be contacted at: pbprice1784@gmail.com


The deadline for the Rowel 6:30 am on Wednesdays.


The Editor’s photographs published in the Rowel are available, upon request, in their original file size.  Those published were substantially reduced in file size.